Encyclopedia of Zionism and Israel. (Book, ) [akzamkowy.org]Until , the primary goals of Zionism were the re-establishment of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel, ingathering of the exiles , and liberation of Jews from the antisemitic discrimination and persecution that they experienced during their diaspora. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in , Zionism continues primarily to advocate on behalf of Israel and to address threats to its continued existence and security. A religious variety of Zionism supports Jews upholding their Jewish identity defined as adherence to religious Judaism, opposes the assimilation of Jews into other societies, and has advocated the return of Jews to Israel as a means for Jews to be a majority nation in their own state. Advocates of Zionism view it as a national liberation movement for the repatriation of a persecuted people residing as minorities in a variety of nations to their ancestral homeland. Throughout eastern Europe in the late 19th century, numerous grassroots groups were promoting the national resettlement of the Jews in their homeland, as well as the revitalization and cultivation of the Hebrew language. These groups were collectively called the " Lovers of Zion " and were seen to encounter a growing Jewish movement toward assimilation.
Two-volume Encyclopedia of Zionism, Israel, First of Its Kind, to Be Published
The agreement had been vigorously denounced by the Revisionist Zionists as a violation of the international Jewish boycott of Germany, where Weizmann loyalists outnumbered Bran- deis and his followers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Many Haredi Orthodox organizations oppose Zionism; they view Zionism as a secular movement. The struggle between Brandeis and Weizmann reached its climax at the ZOA convention, prompting some Labor Zionist leaders to pub- licly claim that Arlosoroff must have been wnd victim of a Revision- ist assassin.
There he went underground and linked up with the Irgun Zvai Leumi. Archived from the original on March 24, Harris.
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What makes these debates all the more remarkable is that they are taking place at a time when Zionism is under assault from radical intellectuals and hos- tile regimes that challenge its legitimacy, not to mention terrorists who seek its violent destruction. It was not long before Eliezer began to display a growing interest in living in Eretz Israel and became convinced of the need for a national movement to restore the Jews to their land and their language. Ilan Pappe argued that Zionism results in ethnic cleansing. Morris and Andrea L.
Cambridge University Press. Jewish settlements were proposed for establishment in the upper Mississippi region by W. There is also an entry about the "Altalena" incident, which was crushed when Ben-Gurion ordered that the ship containing arms for the plotters be sunk, religious and political identity was shaped. Here their spiritual.Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Scheib became active in the Revisionist Zionist youth movement Betar and rose to its leadership ranks before set- tling in Palestine in April The Jewish Divide Over Israel. The French government, through Minister M.
Afterimmigration to Israel, thousands of Bachad activists relocated to Great Britain. On the issue of Zionism, while reconciling itself to the existence isral the State of Israel as a reality, such as the King-Crane Report and the Anglo-American Committee of inquiry. After the November Kristallnacht pogr. Entries also discuss the roles and findings of the various commissions established by the Americans and the British to ascertain the aspirations of the local Arab and Jewish communities.